The R-22 Phaseout: We’ve Got it Covered

Why is R-22 Refrigerant Being Phased Out?

R-22 refrigerant, which you may know as “Freon,” is nearing the end of its phaseout in the U.S. because it damages the Earth’s protective ozone layer. The phaseout is part of a global initiative to reduce chemicals that harm the ozone layer. This process has been happening over the last few decades.

ozone layer

What Does the R-22 Phaseout Mean for Homeowners?

R22 tank

As of January 2020, it is illegal to produce or import the refrigerant R-22 in the U.S. Although no new R-22 can be produced or imported, there will still be an existing supply that can be used for older AC systems.

Air conditioning systems manufactured before 2010 likely use R-22 refrigerant. Those systems made after 2010, however, use a new more environmentally friendly type of refrigerant, called R-410a (also known by the trade name “Puron”). The R-22 phaseout will not affect newer AC systems using R-410a.

The remaining or recycled/reclaimed R-22 can still be used for servicing older systems. There are also many EPA-approved alternatives to R-22. So in 2020 and thereafter, if an AC system has a leak and needs refrigerant, the technician can still add R-22 refrigerant or replace it with an appropriate alternative. If the AC system needs more extensive repairs or new components that only work with newer refrigerants, it may need to be retrofitted to use a new refrigerant or replaced entirely.

First American Home Warranty HVAC Coverage

With air conditioning coverage from First American Home Warranty, whether a system uses R-22 or a newer refrigerant, we’ll cover the cost to get the system working again.

  • No Refrigerant Limits: While some home warranties only cover part of the cost of refrigerant, we have no limits on the cost or amount of refrigerant covered.
  • Repair and Replace: If your system needs repairs, we’ll cover the cost of converting it to use an approved, more environmentally friendly refrigerant. If the system must be replaced with a new system, we’ll cover that, too*. Without a home warranty, this could cost many thousands of dollars.
  • No Size Limit on Covered Residential AC Units: We’ll cover your home’s AC unit, regardless of size.

air conditioner repair

What a Home Warranty Might Not Cover

If an AC system needs to be retrofitted or replaced, newer and more energy-efficient systems and components are often larger than their older counterparts. This can mean that electrical, ducting, or venting may need to be modified to work with newer components.

While First American Home Warranty covers new equipment and installation, you may be responsible for these types of modifications and other charges, such as flushing the line set or the recovery, reclaim, and recapture of refrigerant. With our coverage-enhancing First Class Upgrade, some of these additional costs may be covered.


R-22 Phaseout FAQ

Do Homeowners Have to Pay for Refrigerant?

No. As supplies dwindle, prices for R-22 may rise, but with AC coverage from First American Home Warranty, you don’t have to worry. We will cover the cost to refill your system, no matter what type or how much refrigerant it needs.

How Do I Tell What Refrigerant My AC Uses?

If you don’t know how old an AC system is, most have a plate on the outdoor unit (the condenser) that lists the type of refrigerant it uses. Look for R-22 or R-410a. If you don’t see the refrigerant type, but know the manufacturer and model number, you can also check the manufacturer’s website for more details.

Does First American Cover Older AC Systems?

Yes, a First American Home Warranty will cover your AC system, regardless of age, provided it was in good working order at the time coverage started. If a covered AC system breaks and we can’t repair it, we’ll replace it* with a new system.